Ethical Regulations in Studia Bobolanum

The Editorial Board of  Studia Bobolanum quarterly cares about the quality of the published articles and their scientific validity and retains and enforces ethical principles in relation to the authors of the scientific publications, the Editor-in-Chief, editors as well as the reviewers. The following principles were developed on the basis of the recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics contained in  Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors; Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers; and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education contained in Dobre praktyki w procedurach recenzyjnych w nauce

Obligations of Authors


The proof of the ethical editorial standards of the author as well as his/her social responsibility should be transparency of information on the entities that contribute to the formation of a scientific publication published on the pages of Studia Bobolanum (content, material, financial input). The authorship should be limited to those who have significantly contributed to the concept, design, implementation or interpretation of the published research results. As co-authors there should be listed all those who have participated in the creation of the work. For other people who have had an impact on significant aspects of the research article, they should be mentioned or shown as collaborators. The author should ensure that all contributors are listed in the work, have seen and approved of the final version of the work and agreed to submit it for publication.

Ghostwriting and guest authorship are the manifestation of  a scientific misconduct. Ghostwriting means that someone has made a substantial contribution to the publication, without revealing his participation as one of the authors and his role in the acknowledgments in the publication is not mentioned. Guest authorship means that the author's contribution is small or none, and yet he/she is the author/co-author of the publication.

The Editorial Board of Studia Bobolanum, to ensure  scientific reliability introduces a ghostwriting and guest authorship bar. The authors are required to disclose the contribution of particular authors in the creation of the publications (including their affiliations and contributions, i.e. the information on the author of the concept, assumptions, methods used in the preparation of the publications), however the main responsibility remains with the author submitting the original version of the work.

The Editorial Board of Studia Bobolanum announces that all cases of scientific misconduct and dishonesty (ghostwriting and guest authorship), will be unmasked including notification of the relevant actors (authors' associations, scientific and academic associations, editors' associations). The Editors will also document all forms of scientific misconduct, especially violations and breaking of the rules of ethics applicable in science.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

The authors should disclose all sources of funding for projects in their work, the contribution of academic and scientific research institutions, associations and other entities and all material conflicts of interest that may affect its results or interpretation.

Typesetting Standards

Articles submitted to the Studia Bobolanum quarterly can only be original works that do not violate the copyright of third parties, have not been published and have not been submitted in any publishing house. Providing false or knowingly false statements is unethical. The author should not publish materials describing the same research in more than one journal or original publication. Submission of the same work to more than one editorial board at the same time constitutes unethical behaviour and is thus not allowed. Submitting a research article, which is a translation of the text published or submitted to a different magazine is also considered unethical.

Access to Data and Maintenance of Data

The author should provide the raw data for the work submitted for review and should be ready to allow access to such data. The data should also be kept for one year from the date of publication.

Errors discovered after the submission of the text

In the case when after submitting the article, the author discovers an error or inaccuracy in the text, the Editor must be immediately notified.

Originality and Plagiarism

Only original work may be submitted to the Editor.  The author should make sure that the names of the authors cited in the work and/or that all the quoted texts have been correctly cited or mentioned. Plagiarism is regarded as an unethical and unacceptable behaviour.

Any violation of the above ethical principles are indicative of the rejection of the article.

Obligations of Editor-in-Chief and Editorial Staff

Responsibility for Published Texts

The Editor-in-Chief has the obligation to comply with the current state of the law on defamation, copyright infringement and plagiarism and also bears the responsibility for decisions relating to the publication of the submitted publications. The decision to publish the article is based on the reviews, the opinion of the Theme Editor and the Editorial Board. The decision to publish is affected by the risk of an infringement of copyright and other intellectual property rights, plagiarism or autoplagiarism or questions relating to the authorship or co-authorship of the article.


In making their decision to accept or reject a scientific text, it is important for the Editors to approve it for its originality, scientific quality and consistency with the subject of the magazine, not the origin of the author, his/her nationality, ethnicity, political opinion, gender, race or religion. In order to prevent ​discrimination the Editors respect the Constitution and the laws in force in the Polish Republic.


In order to ensure an objective and fair assessment, the articles are reviewed with maintaining the policy of double - blind review by two independent reviewers. The information obtained in the evaluation process of the publication, as well as the rejected articles, or parts thereof, can not be used as research materials by members of the Editorial Staff or reviewers, without the express written consent of the author.

Avoiding Conflict of Interest

The Editorial Board of  Studia Bobolanum do not appoint reviewers among people who are in direct subordination to or in other direct personal relationships with the authors of the texts.


Obligations of Reviewers

Editorial Decisions

The reviewer supports the Editor-in-Chief, the Theme Editor and the Editorial Board in making editorial decisions. The reviewer evaluating the text publication fills in the review form. A review is an expression of opinion, which means that the final decision regarding the acceptance of the text publishing is made by the Editorial Board.


The reviewer who is unable to review the work within the prescribed time,  should inform the editorial board immediately.


The reviews should be done with objectivity, in accordance with ethical standards and be based on scientific arguments  in order to increase the scientific value of the text. Criticising the author personally is deemed inappropriate. The reviewers should express their views clearly, supporting them with appropriate arguments.


All the reviewed texts are treated as confidential documents. They may not be shown to third parties or talked about outside the Editorial Board . They may not be used by the reviewer to obtain any benefits.


All reviews are done anonymously. The Editorial Staff of Studia Bobolanum do not share the authors' details with the reviewers.

Conflict of Interest

The reviewers should not be reviewing a work in respect of which there is a conflict of interest resulting from the relationship with the author, company or institution associated with the work.

Verification of Originality of Text

The reviewer should inform the Editorial Staff of any violations of ethical standards by the author of the text (if any occur), including any significant similarity, partial overlapping of the content of the reviewed work with any other text published and known to him/her or of a suspected plagiarism.